Topic: Land reforms in India.
5. Discuss the concept of Agricultural Protection Zoning (APZ). Explain in what way such methods can help control the extent of urban sprawls. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
The question is based on the concept of Agricultural Protection Zoning (APZ) and its significant contributions in curtailing the extent of urban sprawls.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the concept of Agricultural Protection Zoning (APZ) and its applications.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain what you understand by Agricultural Protection Zoning (APZ).
APZ refers to local zoning codes, which include provisions such as large lot size requirements and use limitations, to separate farming and related activities from other land uses.
It helps preserve the availability of agricultural lands for farming and thus the agricultural base of the community, by constraining non-agricultural development and land uses in designated areas.
Discuss the case study relevant to the question – Tamil Nadu Chief Minister has announced that the Cauvery delta region comprising of eight districts would be declared as a Protected Special Agriculture Zone.
The eight districts include Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Pudukottai, Cuddalore, Ariyalur, Karur and Tiruchirapalli.
The move is aimed towards preventing the implementation of oil exploration projects and other hydrocarbon projects in the Cauvery delta region and will help not only ensure food security of the State but also livelihood opportunities of the farmers and other agriculture-based laborers.
Explain how such step would address the issue of urban sprawls.
Conclude with way forward.