Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
1. Communalism was only a facade to hide the real economic and political conflicts between different groups. Critically examine the statement in the context of communal divisions during freedom struggle. (250 words)
Reference: INSIGHTS ON INDIA
Indian freedom struggle by Bipin Chandra
Why this question:
The question is based on the aspects of communalism that prevailed and fostered itself during the freedom struggle of the country.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the aspects of communalism that prevailed during freedom struggle and in what way the real face of it was the economic and political conflict between different groups.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain what you understand by Communalism.
Communalism refers to an ideology on which, communal politics rests. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries communalism grew rampant and that led at last to the partition of India in 1947.
Explain in what way Communalism as a political philosophy has its roots in the religious and cultural diversity of India. It has been used as a political propaganda tool to create divide, differences and tensions between the communities on the basis of religious and ethnic identity leading to communal hatred and violence.
Discuss the factors of economic conflicts that led to communalism such as stagnation of economy, Nepotism, lack of modernity, economic competition etc. Then discuss political factors that fuelled communalism.
Communalism was a channel for providing service to colonialism and the jagirdari class (land officials). British authorities supported communal feelings and divided Indian society for their authoritative ruling .This feeling of communalism has deepened since then, fragmenting the Indian society and being a cause of unrest.