Topic: Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
1. Chola bronze sculptures had set a new benchmark in the history of art and metallurgy”. Elucidate. (250 words)
Reference: An introduction to Indian Art Part -I Class XI NCERT
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper I and aims to analyse the significance of Chola art and architecture.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the importance of the benchmark that the Cholan Bronze sculptures had set in the history of art and architecture.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the coming of Bronze sculptures in India; one can start with the mention of the ‘Dancing girl’ figurine of Mohenjodaro.
First explain that the making of bronze sculptures reached a high stage of development in South India during the medieval period. Although bronze images were modeled and cast during the Pallava period in the eighth and ninth centuries. Then move onto highlight that the most elegant and exquisite statues were produced during the Chola Period. Discuss their key features; use the examples of kalyanasundara murti, Ardhanarishvara, Nataraja etc.
The Chola period was an age of continuous improvement and refinement of Dravidian art and architecture. The circumstances in which bronzes were cast during this period, and the contexts within which they were and are sited, continue to have profound relevance for our present-day understanding of art and culture.