Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Disaster and disaster management.
1. Discuss whether the recurrent viral outbreaks can be termed as man-made disasters. Illustrate with the case of corona outbreak. (250 words)
Why this question:
Recently, a new virus belonging to the Coronavirus family (now named novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV) has claimed over 200 lives in China and the numbers infected have touched 10,000 confirmed cases. As the outbreak continues to spread outside China, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared it a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (global emergency).
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss whether the recurrent viral outbreaks can be termed as man-made disasters and illustrate it with the recent onset of the Corona epidemic.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly state key facts such as the nation-wide disease surveillance programme and its assessment about such diseases in India.
Discuss what Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) is. With the case of novel coronavirus, explain the need to jack up the preparedness of the country for such disasters. Discuss the case of India with such viral outbreaks. Explain if such viral outbreaks can be owed to manmade reasons and can be categorized into man-made disasters.
Conclude by suggesting solutions to address such concerns.