Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
4. In the Indian polity, states cannot be reduced to mere administrative agencies delegated with enforcing Parliamentary laws without any application of mind. Critically analyze. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
The article discusses that as of January 28, the Chief Ministers of at least 11 States have expressed their unwillingness to implement the National Register of Citizens (NRC).Thus the question ponders to evaluate the relationship between centre and States and the federal character of the Indian polity.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the significance of evolving new measures to foster cooperation between Union and state government on crucial constitutional issues.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Give a brief introduction about the recent events that affected the state’s will in Implementing Union laws.
- Discuss about the relevant constitutional provisions in this regard.
- State the pros and cons of implementing parliament laws by states uniformly.
- Suggest a suitable way forward.
Conclude that new measures should be evolved to foster cooperation between Union and state government on crucial constitutional issues.