Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1.Highlight the challenges associated with Demographic Dividend in India. Discuss the steps taken by the government of India to enhance the capacity of the population and make it more productive. (250 words)
Reference: Business Today
Why this question:
The question is in the backdrop of the recent initiatives laid out by the Budget to enhance manpower, productivity and employability of the demography in the country.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the challenges associated with Demographic Dividend in India and brief upon the steps taken by the government to address these challenges.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain what you understand by demographic dividend.
Explain the fact that India’s demographic dividend could turn out to be a liability if the population is not properly educated, skilled and made employable. A well-educated and healthy population would allow India to read the benefits of its economy. Discuss the challenges it is facing. List out the measures, policies and initiatives that are being taken by the government.
Conclude with need to recognise the aspects of DD and necessity of harnessing it for a better India in coming future.