Topic: Linkages between development and spread of extremism. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
6.Discuss the role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is straightforward and is from the static portions of the syllabus.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
First explain who constitute external state and non-state actors.
Highlight that India has been facing internal security threats from various external and internal state and non-state actors since independence.
- Explain about external non state actors – Non-state actors are individuals or organizations that have powerful economic, political or social power and are able to influence at a national and sometimes international level but do not belong to or allied themselves to any particular country or state. They include NGOs, MNCs, religious outfits, Drug Cartels, Mafias, terrorist groups etc. they may work in tandem for the peace, stability and development of a country or they may work against the State.
- Discuss the threat that they pose to internal security in India such as insurgency, terrorism, cyber security , communalism, counterfeit currency etc.
- Discuss how should India deal with such challenges
Conclude with solutions and ways to address the problems.