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What do multiple outbreaks of Polio in the vicinity mean for India? Should India worry? Discuss the achievements made by Polio immunization programme so far and what should be the way forward.

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. What do multiple outbreaks of Polio in the vicinity mean for India? Should India worry? Discuss the achievements made by Polio immunization programme so far and what should be the way forward.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Expess

Why this question:

The article highlights the Polio comeback in a number of countries and the repercussions it can possibly have on India.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the achievements made by Polio immunization programme so far, explain how onset of Polio in neighborhood can be worrisome to India and what should India do to overcome it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Describe the current situation of onset of Polio in several countries.

Body:

Explain that in the last one year or so, polio has made a comeback in countries such as the Philippines, Malaysia, Ghana, Myanmar, China, Cameroon, Indonesia and Iran, mostly as vaccine-derived polio infection and that all these countries had wiped the virus out at various times during the last couple of decades; some, such as Iran and Malaysia, had done so even earlier.

Explain – should India worry?

Discuss the achievements made by the Polio immunization programme of the country.

Explain where does India stand?

What precautions should India take and the lessons it should learn to overcome the possible threat of onset.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.