Topic: Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
2. Present the philosophies of ‘Din-i-Ialhi’ and ‘Sulh-i Kul’ that embodied Akbar’s administration. How far do you think the present day communal tensions can be addressed through such inclusive religious practices? Explain.(250 words)
History of Medieval India class XI NCERT
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper I, and it aims to analyse the Philosophies of ‘Din-i-Ilahi’ and ‘Sulh-i Kul’ and its relevance as of today.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the Philosophies of ‘Din-i-Ilahi’ and ‘Sulh-i Kul’ and suggest their relevance to the society as of today.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Explain that Akbar, ruler of most of South Asia in the 16th and early 17th century, rejected bigotry and made unprecedented moves to help non-Muslims feel at peace in his Mughal empire.
Discuss in detail the Philosophies of ‘Din-i-Ilahi’ and ‘Sulh-i Kul’-
The quest of Akbar culminated in the Tauhid-i-ialhi (the divine monotheism) or Din-i-Illahi, the word Din was applied decades later. In 1582, this religious doctrine which combined mysticism, philosophy and nature worship was
Propounded by Akbar which recognized no prophets. Akbar declared himself the spiritual guide of his subjects. His religion Tauhid-i-illahi favored peace and tolerance.
Then discuss the elements in detail.
Din-i-Illahi was an eclectic doctrine that contained elements from very diverse fields. It overthrew almost every ceremonial rule whether Islam or Muslim, but took the good ideas from the Brahmins as well as from the missionaries and adopted “Sun” as a symbol of the worship of the creator. He started a new Illahi era.
Then discuss the relevance of the two concepts to today’s society.
Conclude with importance of such secular and tolerant policies.