Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5. Gram Sabha-based forest governance is quintessential to sustain management and conservation of forests along with implementation of community forest resource rights under the Forest Right Act of the country. Elucidate.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article discusses in detail the role that Gram Sabhas have to play in managing and conserving forests in the country.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in what way Gram Sabha-based forest governance is quintessential to sustain management and conservation of forests along with implementation of community forest resource rights under the Forest Right Act of the country.
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly highlight the importance of conserving our forests.
Discuss Role of Gram Sabhas in general.
Explain why they should be given importance in the governance of the forest areas.
More than 300 million people including tribals live in and around forest areas in India, depending on forests for their sustenance and livelihood. Ecological security is the prime objective of National Forest Policy, 1988, but forest-dwelling communities cannot be separated from forests.
Explain that Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 and Forest Right Act, 2006 have gone further to empower gram Sabhas for the management of forest resources.
Take queues from the article and explain in detail the relevance.
Conclude with way forward and reassert that The gram Sabha-based forest governance has to be implemented in a large way to maintain sustainability of forests and improve their quality.