While humans have been manipulating organisms for their benefit since at least the dawn of agriculture, and genetic editing has created a few artificial organisms in recent years, the latest research that brings “Xenobot”; world’s first living machines is the new breakthrough element. Do you agree? Debate from the ethical perspective.

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Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships based Case study.

7. While humans have been manipulating organisms for their benefit since at least the dawn of agriculture, and genetic editing has created a few artificial organisms in recent years, the latest research that brings “Xenobot”; world’s first living machines is the new breakthrough element. Do you agree? Debate from the ethical perspective. (250  words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

Scientists in the United States have created the world’s first “living machines” — tiny robots built from the cells of the African clawed frog that can move around on their own. Thus the question aims to examine the latest invention from the ethical perspective.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the ethical angles involved in the case study mentioned above, present both positives and negatives for the same and provide for your stand with suitable justifications.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

First discuss what living machines are according to the latest invention.

Body:

The body of the answer must discuss both positives and negatives of such science marvels that will take a great leap forward but will also involve some cost factor.

Explain that the fact – The “novel living machines” were “neither a traditional robot nor a known species of animal”, but “a new class of artifact: a living, programmable organism”; makes them tricky from the ethical perspectives as they can challenge the humanity like the technology and innovation are doing.

Substantiate your answer with suitable justifications and debate.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced stand on the above case.