[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 January 2020

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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 January 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1. What do you understand by social Mobility? Discuss the Concerns and challenges highlighted for India by the recently released Global Social Mobility Report. (250 words)

Indian Expess

Why this question:

The World Economic Forum has come out with its first-ever Global Social Mobility Report, which has ranked India a lowly 76 out of the 82 countries profiled. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the concept of social Mobility in general and Discuss the Concerns and challenges highlighted for India by the recently released Global Social Mobility Report in detail and suggest what needs to be done to address these challenges.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define what you understand by Social Mobility.

Body:

In detail explain the following aspects –

  • Social Mobility can be understood as the movement in personal circumstances either “upwards” or “downwards” of an individual in relation to those of their parents.
  • Discuss the key features of it. Explain why is it important and why does it matter?
  • Explain that Social mobility has become the pressing issue of modern life, and as the index highlights, while major improvements have been made in some areas, notably extreme poverty, in others, the situation is deteriorating.
  • Discuss the importance of Global Social Mobility Index, point at the facts brought out by the index with respect to India’s performance.
  • Explain what the causes of concern are and what way they can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude that India has way to go to achieve better and stable social mobility.

 

Topic:  Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

2. Unifying post-partition India and princely states under one administration was perhaps the most important task facing the political leadership. Explain. (250 words)

Post independence India – Bipin Chandra

Why this question:

The question is direct and from the sections of GS Paper I and aims to discuss the significance of political leadership at the time of integrating post-independent India.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the significance of political leadership at the time of integrating post-independent India in detail.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief upon the Condition of the India at the time of independence.

Body:

Nearly half of the Indian territory was ruled by princely states under British Paramountcy. These were protected against internal as well as external aggression by the British.

Discuss why integration was the need of the hour.

Explain the significance of unification of the country – Territorial continuity, Demand for modernization, Internal Security etc.

Discuss the contributions of various political leaders and thus the importance therefore.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of single continuous territory and reassert the key role played by the political leaders then.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:   Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. For a sustainable Universal healthcare model, maintaining a balanced trade-off between cost, quality and access to healthcare services is critical, Discuss in the context of India’s Ayushman Bharat and suggest the key takeaways that India can borrow from the famous Brazilian model of UHC. (250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses the lessons to be learnt for India from Brazils’ universal healthcare plan.

Key demand of the question:

The question seeks to ascertain the need for a balanced model for the concept of Universal health Care and what India can borrow from the famous Brazilian model.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss the need for UHC and its significance to the overall development of the country, and then explain the relevance of Brazilian model.

Body:

  • Explain that India’s Ayushman Bharat can benefit by borrowing best practices from Brazil Universal Health coverage plan. Such as- public expenditure, community healthcare plan.
  • Discuss India’s Ayushman Bharat; highlight what India can borrow from the Brazil model.
  • Explain the importance of maintaining a balanced trade-off between cost, quality and access to healthcare services.

Conclusion:

Conclude that a collaborative approach aligning patients, payers and providers, along with innovative partnerships, will hasten efforts to mitigate risks, drive impact, forge stronger social returns and achieve sustainable UHC targets.

 

Topic:  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

4. Discuss the objectives of National Tribal Youth Exchange Programme. Why should the tribal pockets be mainstreamed? Explain.(250 words)

News on Air

Why this question:

The 12th National Tribal Youth Exchange Programme was inaugurated in Puducherry, under which tribal youths will be visiting many places to know about the language, customs, culture, arts, dressing patterns, food pattern and other aspects of Puducherry. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the objectives of National Tribal Youth Exchange Programme. And explain why the tribal pockets should be mainstreamed.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by stating the facts like – Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) organizes Tribal Youth Exchange Programme with the support of Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India.

Body:

  • Discuss the objective of the programme; To provide an opportunity to the tribal youth to understand the cultural ethos, language, lifestyles of the people depicting Socio –economic and Cultural Development and Development process unity in diversity aspect of our national life.
  • Quote reasons as to why tribals should be mainstreamed? – To deal with discrimination against tribal communities and in providing them with the rights they truly deserve.
  • Discuss what steps the government is taking in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude that as India is aspiring to become a developed country, it needs to rethink and redefine its definition of development to incorporate the discourse of inclusive development.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. Explain the key features of National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020 (NBDS) also discuss How can Biotechnology be used to address various issues in India? (250 words)

PIB

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and aims to evaluate the objectives of the National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020 (NBDS).

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the key features of the policy and its significance to the overall development of the Biotech sector in the country; also explain the applications it offers to the other sectors.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the fact that Indian Government seeks to create a US$ 100 billion biotech industry by 2025. It has launched various programs with a view to harness available human and unlimited biodiversity resources.

Body:

Discuss the objectives of the strategy in detail first.

The Strategy aims to establish India as a world-class bio-manufacturing hub. It intends to launch a major mission, backed with significant investments, for the creation of new biotech products, creates a strong infrastructure for R&D and commercialization, and empowers India’s human resources scientifically and technologically.

Explain the possible benefits it would bring to other sectors of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and prospects of the sector in coming future.

 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. Briefly elucidate upon the steps taken by India for strengthening IPR focused on technology and innovation (250 words)

DIPP

Why this question:

Recently the Union Cabinet approved the proposal for Accession of India to the Nice, Vienna and Locarno Agreements, related to the World Intellectual Property

Organization’s (WIPO) international classification systems. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the steps taken by India to strengthen the IPR that focuses on technology and innovation.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In short discuss what Intellectual Property is.

Body:

  • First briefly present the IPR scenario in India.
  • Then explain the efforts being made – In order to promote Intellectual Property in India Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion has taken various initiatives to ensure that intangible assets of the country are adequately protected such as: National IPR Policy 2016, Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM), and other various awareness programmes, Filing of Patents and Trademarks applications has been made online. Almost all old Intellectual Property (IP) records have been digitized and new records are digitized immediately. Automated Electronic modules have been adopted to process Patents and Trademarks applications which enabled achieving enhanced speed, accuracy and Transparency etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships based Case study.

7. While humans have been manipulating organisms for their benefit since at least the dawn of agriculture, and genetic editing has created a few artificial organisms in recent years, the latest research that brings “Xenobot”; world’s first living machines is the new breakthrough element. Do you agree? Debate from the ethical perspective. (250  words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

Scientists in the United States have created the world’s first “living machines” — tiny robots built from the cells of the African clawed frog that can move around on their own. Thus the question aims to examine the latest invention from the ethical perspective.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the ethical angles involved in the case study mentioned above, present both positives and negatives for the same and provide for your stand with suitable justifications.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

First discuss what living machines are according to the latest invention.

Body:

The body of the answer must discuss both positives and negatives of such science marvels that will take a great leap forward but will also involve some cost factor.

Explain that the fact – The “novel living machines” were “neither a traditional robot nor a known species of animal”, but “a new class of artifact: a living, programmable organism”; makes them tricky from the ethical perspectives as they can challenge the humanity like the technology and innovation are doing.

Substantiate your answer with suitable justifications and debate.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced stand on the above case.