Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
2. How does India Socialism contrast with Socialism embraced by the Communist countries? Discuss the idea of Democratic socialism. (250 words)
Indian Polity by Lakshmikant
Why this question:
The question tries to point out the idea of socialism that is different from the socialism adopted by the other world countries.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the Idea of Indian socialism in contrast with socialism of the west and other communist countries of the world.
Structure of the answer:
Start with general idea of Socialism.
Discuss first the idea of socialism in communist countries- In Socialism espoused by Communist countries, system of production is owned by the people collectively through their government. There are no private landlords and factory owners and all business is conducted by the State and all profits go to the state treasury i.e. industries are operated not with a view to profit by sale to other people, but for the direct service of those whom the authority or association represents.
Then move on to present the idea of Indian Democratic socialism. Features like – Socialism Combined with Modernism: “Democratic Socialism” and the “mixed economy’ demanded equality of opportunities for all and it was the basic theme. Nehru’s vision of a technologically progressive India was also inspired by a socially inspired process of integrating the technology with the modern methods of agriculture and production.
Inclusive Socialism: India also imbibed core socialism spirit through planned economic development, initiation of land reforms, labour laws, progressive taxation, expansion of education and health and rapid expansion of the
Discuss the concept of Democratic socialism.
Conclude with significance of Indian flavor of Socialism.