Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
7. Given the persistent food inflation witnessed off late, can India still dream to emerge as an export powerhouse of farm products in the near future? Comment.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article highlights the fact that despite the slowdown in rural demand, the spike in food prices is not showing any signs of cooling. Thus the question seeks to examine the possibility of India emerging as an export powerhouse of farm products.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the current status of production with respect to farm products in the country and to what extent India can have a bright future in this sector.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
First discuss key facts pointing at the export potential of the farm products in the country.
Discuss the current conditions of agriculture in the country with respect to agri marketing and products.
Explain the key challenges ranging from inflation, storage issues, marketing hurdles etc. in detail.
Discuss the factors that have contributed to such conditions in the farming economy.
Explain what needs to be done, suggest the efforts being made by the government in this direction.
Conclude that a multi-sectorial approach needs to be designed to ensure India becomes a leading export powerhouse in terms of farm products.