Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
2. The Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) of India has witnessed major breakthrough in the recent times, Elaborate on the progress made so far and discuss the way ahead.(250 words)
Why this question:
The government’s comprehensive Multi-Year Plan for 2018-22 details a comprehensive financial plan to fully immunize 26 million children and 30 million pregnant women with life-saving vaccines. Thus the question.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the progress made on the immunization front by the country and in what way it has taken a major leap forward.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with what UIP is.
- Comment on the aspects that prove – Universal Immunization Program has contributed a lot in preventing so many diseases and deaths related to them India.
- Explain that it is one of the largest in the world in terms of the number of beneficiaries, quantities of vaccine used, the geographical spread, the number of Immunization session organized, and diversity of areas covered.
- Discuss what the vaccines under it are.
- Explain the impact of it – how it can collectively prevent at least one lakh deaths of adults in the working age group, one lakh infant deaths, and up to 10 lakh cases of hospitalization each year.
- Till now, Immunization has immensely helped bring down the annual mortality of children under five, from 3.3 million a generation ago, to 1.3 million deaths in present which is 17,000 deaths each day.
- Suggest way forward.
Conclude that the improvements in immunization coverage and the introduction of a rotavirus vaccine will significantly alleviate disease and financial burden in Indian households. Population and regions with low existing immunization coverage benefit the most from the universal immunization program.