Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1. “Moved and dogged out of their original habitats, Bru community are now largely internally-displaced refugees”, Critically examine the internal displacement crisis of the community and comment on the efforts made by government of India so far to protect them. (250 words)
Why this question:
The centre has signed a historic pact for permanent solution of Bru refugees’ issue. Thus the question aims to examine the internal displacement crisis of the community and the efforts made by the government so far.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the historical background of the displacement crisis, causes and the consequences of the issue. One has to detail upon the efforts taken by the government in this direction from past to present and in what way the recent agreement is a different one.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the historical background of the issue.
In detail explain who are they – The Brus, also referred to as the Reangs, and are spread across the northeastern states of Tripura, Assam, Manipur, and Mizoram.
In Tripura, they are recognized as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group. In Mizoram, they have been targeted by groups that do not consider them indigenous to the state.
Discuss what the issue is.
Trace the efforts made by the government from past to present, explain in what way the recent agreement is different from the approaches taken in the past.
Conclude on a positive note highlighting India’s approach for refugees.