Topics Covered: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
What to study?
For Prelims: About the script, similar scripts world over.
For Mains: Need for common script, significance and the challenges involved.
Context: Researchers from IIT Madras have already developed a unified script for nine Indian languages, named the Bharati Script.
Now, going a step further, developed a method for reading documents in Bharati script using a multi-lingual optical character recognition (OCR) scheme.
What is Optical Character Recognition (OCR) scheme?
- It involves first separating (or segmenting) the document into text and non-text.
- The text is then segmented into paragraphs, sentences words and letters.
- Each letter has to be recognised as a character in some recognisable format such as ASCII or Unicode.
- The letter has various components such as the basic consonant, consonant modifiers, vowels etc.
What is Bharati Script?
It is an alternative script for the languages of India developed by a team at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Madras lead by Dr. Srinivasa Chakravarthy.
The scripts that have been integrated include Devnagari, Bengali, Gurmukhi, Gujarati, Oriya, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Tamil.
The Bharati characters are made up of three tiers stacked vertically. The consonant at the root of the letter is placed in the centre and the modifiers are in the top and bottom tiers.
Bharati has, in general, 17 vowels and 22 consonants.
Need for unified script?
A common script for the entire country is hoped to bring down many communication barriers in India.
Sources: the Hindu.