Topic: Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
1. “The case of Dholivira from the Indus valley civilisation presents a perfect analogy as to how climate change can increase future drought risk”, Comment.(250 words)
Why this question:
The Harappan Civilization which is also known as Indus Valley civilization is believed to be the oldest civilization in the world. Over the years, many archaeologists tried to understand the cause of its decline and collapse in 2nd century BC. The question aims to ascertain the learning from the civilisation in the aspects of climate change.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the case of Dholivira and in what way we the future generations can learn about the effects of climate change.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Highlight the significance of the civilisation in short.
A recent study conducted by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur reveals that the decline of Harappan city Dholavira was caused by drying up of river like Saraswati river and Meghalayan drought.
Discuss in what way the drought could be related to climate change aspects of that time.
Draw an analogy of how the past experiences can prove to be lessons to our future generations.
Conclude with what needs to be done to mitigate and arrest climate change.