Topics Covered: e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential.
Integrated Road Accident Database (IRAD)
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: the database- need for and significance.
Context: The database has been launched by the government.
Developed by the Indian Institute of Technology-Madras (IIT-M).
It will be implemented by the National Informatics Centre.
The project costs ₹258 crore and is being supported by the World Bank.
The system will be first piloted in the six States with highest fatalities from road crashes — Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.
How it works?
- The IRAD mobile application will enable police personnel to enter details about a road accident, along with photos and videos, following which a unique ID will be created for the incident.
- Subsequently, an engineer from the Public Works Department or the local body will receive an alert on his mobile device.
- He or she will then visit the accident site, examine it, and feed the required details, such as the road design.
- Data thus collected will be analysed by a team at IIT-M, which will then suggest if corrective measures in road design need to be taken.
- Road users will also be able to upload data on road accidents on a separate mobile application, which is expected to go live from April 1.
Significance and benefits:
It will help in analysing causes of road crashes and in devising safety interventions to reduce such accidents in the country.
Need for this data:
India sees the largest number of road fatalities in the world. More than 1.5 lakh people lost their lives in road crashes in the country in 2018, according to government data. Of the total people killed in road crashes in 2018, 48% were between 18 years and 35 years old, and more than 60% of such fatalities were due to overspeeding.
Sources: The Hindu.