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What do you understand by war crimes?  What steps can a country take in case its cultural property is threatened? Discuss in detail the safeguards available to a country under various conventions.

Topic:   Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3.  What do you understand by war crimes?  What steps can a country take in case its cultural property is threatened? Discuss in detail the safeguards available to a country under various conventions.(250 words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

Following the assassination of Maj. Gen. Qassem Soleimani, President Donald Trump tweeted on Saturday that if “Iran strikes any Americans, or American assets” in retaliation, the US would target 52 sites in Iran, “some at a very high level & important to Iran & the Iranian culture”. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the theory of war crimes; explain the importance of Cultural heritage and its preservation highlight the various conventions that are in force to ensure cultural heritage of each and every country is preserved.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what war crimes are.

Body:

Discuss the aspects such as Iran is home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations dating back to 10,000 BC. Its rich heritage and culture is an amalgam of Arab, Persian, Turkish and South Asian cultures.

Twenty-four Iranian sites are on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, two of which are natural sites and the rest cultural sites.

Discuss then What the problem with targeting cultural heritage is.

Take hints from the article and highlight in what way they can be preserved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.