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Northeast gas pipeline grid project

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Northeast gas pipeline grid project

What to study?

For Prelims: Northeast gas pipeline grid project and Urja Ganga Project- key features.

For Mains: Significance and the need for such projects for India, especially for NE region India.

Context: Govt to provide ₹5,559 crore funding to northeast gas grid.

Northeast gas pipeline grid project:

The proposed gas pipeline grid will connect Guwahati to the major Northeast cities and major load centers. It is 1, 656 km long.

The project is being implemented under ambitious Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project.

  • Besides connecting all the state capitals in the region, the pipeline will also connect with the National Gas Grid through Barauni-Guwahati Gas Pipeline, which is being laid by GAIL.
  • The pipeline will enable the supply of piped cooking gas to households and CNG to automobiles, besides fuel to industry.

Implementation: The North-East pipeline grid is to be implemented by Indradhanush Gas Grid, a joint venture of state-owned GAIL India, Indian Oil Corp (IOC), Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC), Oil India Ltd (OIL) and Numaligarh Refinery Ltd (NRL).

About the Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga project:

The gas pipeline project aims to provide piped cooking gas to residents of Varanasi and later to millions of people in states like Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Odisha.

  • From Varanasi’s perspective, an 800-km long MDPI pipeline will be laid and 50,000 households and 20,000 vehicles will get PNG and CNG gas respectively. The government estimates that around 5 lakh gas cylinders will be sent at rural areas annually.
  • According to GAIL, with the Urja Ganga project, 20 lakh households will get PNG connections. The project is said to be a major step towards collective growth and development of the Eastern region of India.
  • GAIL has built a network of trunk pipelines covering the length of around 11,000 km. With Urja Ganga project, this number will further increase by 2540 km.


The funding support to the gas grid is a part of a broader goal of the government to raise the share of natural gas in the country’s energy mix to 15% by 2030 from current 6.2%.

The government has envisaged developing the National Gas Grid. At present, about 16,788 km natural gas pipeline is operational and about 14,239 km gas pipelines are being developed to increase the availability of natural gas across the country.

The objectives of the National Gas Grid are:

  1. To remove regional imbalance within the country with regard to access for natural gas and provide clean and green fuel throughout the country.
  2. To connect gas sources to major demand centres and ensure availability of gas to consumers in various sectors.
  3. Development of City Gas Distribution Networks in various cities for the supply of CNG and PNG.

Sources: the Hindu.