Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
7. Discuss in detail the three primary schools of Ethics with suitable illustrations.(250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon Publications
Why this question:
The question is directly from the static portions of GS paper IV.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss the three primary schools of Ethics with suitable illustrations.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
One can start briefly by highlighting significance of Ethics in general.
Explain that the Ethical theories provide a basis for decision-making when ethical issues are involved. These theories represent the viewpoints from which individuals or organizations seek guidance from, as they make decisions.
Then move onto discuss the three principle schools in detail.
- Consequentialism- based on the outcome of an action
- Deontological- based on duty or obligation to act
- Virtue- based on moral characteristics of performer e.g. honesty, integrity etc.
Discuss in depth each school with suitable example.
Conclude that Ethical theory is a mechanism for assessing whether a particular action or rule is ethically justified and they aid in resolving ethical dilemmas at the individual and organizational level.