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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 7 January 2020

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 7 January 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

1.  India, facing the double burden of malnutrition, has taken several steps to address it and in spite of the progress made, there are still challenges facing India in the fight. Explain why and also suggest suitable steps that need to be assimilated in India’s efforts.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

India facing the double burden of both under nutrition and over nutrition has taken several steps to address the same. The article discusses the need for more evidence-based policymaking.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the double burden in detail and explain the challenges in detail as to why the progress on this front is slow. Also suggest solutions to the problem.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define Malnutrition in general. Malnutrition, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients.

Body:

The term malnutrition covers 2 broad groups of conditions. One is ‘under nutrition’—which includes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies or insufficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals). The other is overweight, obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer).

Discuss the issue of malnutrition in India.

Explain programmes and policies in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way forward.

 

Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

2. Why has the U.S. crippled the functioning of the WTO? Discuss in detail the reasons for US actions and efforts to revive the appellate body.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

The U.S. decisions making the World Trade Organization’s Appellate Body dysfunctional. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in why the US has been crippling the functions of WTO, what are the consequences of it and what can be done to overcome it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the context of the question.

Body:

Explain the background of the question.

In December 2019, the U.S. cut short its share of the funding to the WTO. This move has resulted in a shortage of funds for the Appellate Body of WTO to function.

The U.S. has also stalled the selection process for filling six vacancies at the Appellate Body by virtue of the veto power it enjoys in the appointment process. Consequently, the Appellate Body is left with only one member, who will not be able to deliver any rulings on pending trade disputes since a quorum of three members is required to adjudicate any dispute.

Discuss the dispute settlement at WTO.

Explain the issue in detail and suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the strangulation of the Appellate Body is a reflection of unilateralism and protectionism that are on a sharp rise. The absence of the Appellate Body paves the way for the return of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1947 rules which many countries consider as a step back in global trade.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Basics of cyber security

1. Discuss the case of Cyber bullying across the Lifespan of Education:, explain the issues and Interventions required to overcome it from family and schooling.(250 words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

The question is straight forward and is around discussing the case of Cyber bullying.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what cyber bullying is and discuss the importance of tackling it at the level of education and upbringing of values by the family.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define cyber bullying.

Body:

Cyber-bullying, in simple terms, may be defined as the act of harassment, intimidation, threatening of another person, via the cyber-space.

Explain the influence of social media on children in general.

Discuss the ill effects of cyber bullying, causes and effects.

Discuss what can be done to overcome the same.

Signify the role of family and schooling in overcoming the cyber bullying.

Conclusion:

In short, social media has had a mixed effect on children. Proper supervision by parents and teachers, and regulating the time spent on internet through various productive activities and hobbies might be regarded as some of the ways in which the ill effects of social media on children might be minimized.

 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

2. Increasing the total area of forests is vital for India to meet its Intended nationally determined contributions under the ambit of Paris agreement 2015.Discuss. (250 words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

India, as part of its contribution to the global fight against climate change, has committed itself to creating an “additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent” by 2030. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the means and ways through which India aims to achieve its climate change targets.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly bring out the highlights of the State of Forest Report (SFR) 2019 relevant to the question.

Body:

Explain that while showing an increase in the carbon stock trapped in Indian forests in the last two years, the report also shows why it is going to be an uphill task for India in meeting one of its international obligations on climate change.

  • Discuss briefly relationship between the forests and carbon.
  • Explain the challenges that India is facing in meeting the targets.
  • Discuss why it is important for India to meet its INDC targets.
  • Elaborate on the efforts India is making in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.

 

Topic:  Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

3. What are the different types of cropping patterns prevalent in India? Discuss the diversity of cropping pattern across the country.(250 Words)

A comprehensive geography by Khullar

Why this question:

The question is directly from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the different types of cropping patterns prevalent in India and explain the diversity of cropping pattern across the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what you understand by a cropping pattern.

Body:

Cropping pattern is the yearly sequence and spatial arrangement of crops and fallow on a given area.

Cropping system comprises all cropping patterns grown on the farm and their interaction with farm resources, other household enterprises and the physical, biological, technological and sociological factors or environments.

Discuss the determining factors of a cropping pattern.

Explain the spatial aspect across the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of having a suitable cropping pattern for good yields.

 

Topic:  Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4.“ICT is becoming the facilitator of socio-economic development in rural India”, Elucidate.(250 words)

Insights On India

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of the GS paper III, aims to evaluate the role of ICT in the aid of farmer.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the aspects of ICT that contribute to the socio-economic development in rural India.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Highlight that ICT is becoming the facilitator of socio-economic development in rural India with its obvious facilities by way of health, education, financial services and employment avenues, etc. It can help the bridge gaps by providing ‘e’ and ‘m’ services.

Body:

Explain that the ICT offering meant for rural sector can be classified into three categories:

  • Those solutions which aim are aimed at empowerment
  • Those which would do enablement.
  • Those for market expansion.

Quote recent case studies such as e-chaupal to substantiate your answer better.

Discuss the pros and cons of having ICT aid the farming process.

Conclusion:

Conclude that E-Agriculture; a new area of knowledge emerging out of convergence of IT and farming techniques is the future.

 

Topic:  Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. Discuss the technological and financial challenges that India has to overcome in the translation of the successes in the unmanned space missions into manned space missions.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

Four pilots from the Indian Air Force (IAF) will leave for Russia this month to receive training as astronauts of Gaganyaan, the first Indian crewed flight to space.  Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects one to discuss the challenges that India space research organization is facing in conducting the manned and unmanned space missions.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Give a brief introduction about India’s successes in unmanned space missions such as Mars orbiter mission, PSLV, GSLV etc.

Body:

Explain about India’s ambitious programme Gaganyaan.

Write about the needed indigenization policies and technological inventions in this regard.

Suggest suitable measures to increase the financial capacity, international agreements etc.

Conclusion:

Give a futuristic way forward for the same.