Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
2. Increasing the total area of forests is vital for India to meet its Intended nationally determined contributions under the ambit of Paris agreement 2015.Discuss. (250 words)
Why this question:
India, as part of its contribution to the global fight against climate change, has committed itself to creating an “additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent” by 2030. Thus the question.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the means and ways through which India aims to achieve its climate change targets.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly bring out the highlights of the State of Forest Report (SFR) 2019 relevant to the question.
Explain that while showing an increase in the carbon stock trapped in Indian forests in the last two years, the report also shows why it is going to be an uphill task for India in meeting one of its international obligations on climate change.
- Discuss briefly relationship between the forests and carbon.
- Explain the challenges that India is facing in meeting the targets.
- Discuss why it is important for India to meet its INDC targets.
- Elaborate on the efforts India is making in this direction.
Conclude with what should be the way forward.