Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
1. India, facing the double burden of malnutrition, has taken several steps to address it and in spite of the progress made, there are still challenges facing India in the fight. Explain why and also suggest suitable steps that need to be assimilated in India’s efforts.(250 words)
Why this question:
India facing the double burden of both under nutrition and over nutrition has taken several steps to address the same. The article discusses the need for more evidence-based policymaking.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss the double burden in detail and explain the challenges in detail as to why the progress on this front is slow. Also suggest solutions to the problem.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Define Malnutrition in general. Malnutrition, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients.
The term malnutrition covers 2 broad groups of conditions. One is ‘under nutrition’—which includes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies or insufficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals). The other is overweight, obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer).
Discuss the issue of malnutrition in India.
Explain programmes and policies in this direction.
Conclude by suggesting way forward.