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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 6 January 2020

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 6 January 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Discuss in detail the contributions of Savitribai Phule on women’s education  and establishing equality in India.(250 words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

The article captures Savitribai Phule’s impact on women’s education in India

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the contributions of Savitribai Phule to Indian education system and upliftment of women in the society.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by highlighting Who was Savitribai Phule? Importance of her work.

Body:

Savitribai was a pioneer who is remembered for advocating big changes in caste-based Indian society too. Born on January 3, 1831 in Naigaon Maharashtra, Savitribai played an important role in improving women’s rights in India during British rule. She worked for the upliftment of women in terms of education.

Discuss key aspects of her work.

Explain why she was claimed to be a crusader of gender justice.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting her contributions in the greater development of the society.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

1. Where college is the first step towards a bigger political role, Should politics be allowed in university campuses? Discuss in the context wherein campus politics are hailed to serve and uphold a tradition of dissent which is in line with protecting the rights of free speech and promoting the values of democracy. (250 words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

Students of Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) on Sunday late night took out a peaceful candlelight march inside the varsity premises in solidarity with students of JNU who were attacked by a mob of masked men.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to discuss the aspects of politics in the university and seeks to answer how far it is just to allow the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the incidence of violence recently witnessed in JNU campus.

Body:

Explain that politics is necessary within the campus as it gives a space to voice political opinions; at the same time explain the need to have a barricade at the quantum of politics as against the educational centre.

One can substantiate by stating that Jawaharlal Nehru University campus reaffirms the crucial contribution of the institution’s diverse and democratic base to Indian politics.

Discuss pros and cons with suitable justifications.

Conclusion:

Conclude that a diverse yet inclusive campus, gives space to radical voices not only from the organizational left movement but across the political spectrum, and finally upholds a tradition of dissent which is in line with protecting the rights of free speech and promoting the values of democracy.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. Do you think ‘Anti-defection law’ succeeded in meeting its intended objectives? Explain. Suggest suitable measures, if any, to be taken in this regard.(250 words)

PRS India

Why this question:

Last week the Chairman of Rajya Sabha disqualified two Members of Parliament (MPs) from the House under the Tenth Schedule of the Constitution (better known as the anti-defection law) for having defected from their party. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The question is aimed at a critical examination of Anti-defection law.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Give a brief introduction about the provisions of Anti defection law.

Body:

Explain about the loopholes that political parties are using for the defection of parties.

Write about the landmark cases that are related to the case and the Supreme court’s pronouncements.

Suggest suitable steps to be taken in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. “A multi-sectorial and community-led approach driving a national movement is the need of the hour to end TB by 2025 in the country”, Comment on the above statement in the backdrop of India still acclaimed to host highest TB burden in the world. (250 words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

The article discusses the need for a multilingual, multi-stakeholder awareness effort to ensure that every single Indian knows about the challenges of TB and where to seek treatment.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the scenario of TB hazard in the country and highlight the urgency and need to create a mass movement to end the menace of TB facing India.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Quote some key facts to highlight the impact of TB in the country.

Body:

India still has the highest TB burden in the world and despite the disease being fully curable, people still die from it.

Discuss what steps are required to be taken, how should the approach change from past to present scenario.

Explain the significance of creation of awareness and empowering of communities.

Conclusion:

Conclude that As long as our people continue to die every year from this preventable and treatable disease, we are failing in our duties as citizens, doctors, administrators and public health professionals. We must join hands to ensure a TB-free India. Each one of us can make a difference.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

1.  Massive inefficiency in the grain management system under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) of the country calls for pressing attention. Discuss the needs for urgent reforms in grain management system. (250 words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

The article provides for a detailed analysis as to how Reforms in grain management system could free up resources for infrastructure investment.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must bring out the existing issues with grain management and in what way newer reforms are the need of the hour.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Suggest few facts highlighting the importance of grain management to the output of Agriculture. Agriculture still engages about 44 per cent of India’s workforce.

Body:

First highlight massive inefficiency in the grain management system under the National Food Security Act (NFSA).

Use data from the article and highlight the inefficiencies in the system.

Discuss the role of FCI in management of grains in the country.

Explain what needs to be done? Suggest measures to overcome the situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

2. Irrigation is pivotal to agricultural, social, economic growth of nation. Discuss in detail the benefits and concerns associated with Irrigation systems in the country.(250 words)

 A Comprehensive Geography by Khullar

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of the GS paper 3.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the significance of Irrigation system and the concerns associated with it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Quote first the significance of irrigation system to agriculture of the country.

Body:

Irrigation has provided stability to food production. It is critical, yet a vital input of agriculture production process. Civilizations have risen and fallen with the growth and decline of their irrigation systems, while others have maintained sustainable irrigation for thousands of years. Many of the problems in irrigated agriculture can be mitigated or avoided by improved technology and management, and by adequately addressing cultural, social, and environmental aspects.

Discuss the benefits of Irrigation in detail and the challenges/concerns posed.

Suggest what needs to be done to overcome such challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Irrigation is pivotal to agricultural, social, economic growth of nation. Irrigation has provided stability to food production.

 

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

3. Climate change is bound to increase the risk of forest fires further and the case for vice-versa also holds true, with suitable case studied critically analyse the statement.(250 words)

The Guardian 

Why this question:

The question is from the context of the 2019-20 bushfire crises that coincided with Australia’s hottest year on record.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the impact of forest fires frequently being witnessed in the world and in what way climate change has been at the centre of causes leading to such fires. Also explain the interlinkages between the two.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the incidence of recent forest fires witnessed in Australia.

Body:

Forest fires have a significant impact on global atmospheric emissions, with biomass burning contributing to the global budgets of greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide.

Discuss the concept of forest fires, causes and consequences; both positives and negatives.

Explain then the effect of climate change upon the forest fires.

And the vice-versa impact of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions as to what should be done to overcome the threats posed by forest fires.