Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
3. The relative decline in America’s power coupled with the rise of new and old powers point to a structural churning in the post-Cold War order. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question:
Developments in 2019 suggest that the U.S.’s ability to shape global politics is clearly receding. Thus the question.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the changing Geopolitics around the world and establish in what way in the world system, the core has never been static. Hegemony of a single power is temporary.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
In brief discuss the recent happenings that justify the context of the question.
Highlight the relative decline in America’s power that was manifested through a number of crises during the year.
Discuss the trends from past to present; The U.S. is the world’s mightiest military power and arguably the centre of the post-Soviet world order. In the 1990s, the U.S.’s dominance was at its peak with international and multilateral organizations getting overshadowed by its pre-eminence. In 2001, after the September 11 terrorist attacks, it got international support for its war in Afghanistan. In 2003, the U.S. went ahead with the plan to bomb Iraq despite the UN opposition, reminding the world of imperial invasions. But the global situation is different and more complex today.
Conclude that the relative decline in America’s power coupled with the rise of new and old powers point to a structural churning in the post-Cold War order. In the world system, the core has never been static. Hegemony of a single power is temporary.