Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
1. A consummation of flawed policy proposals, the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 will refine store and trade personal information. Do you agree? Analyse.(250 words )
Why this question:
Article highlights the fact that in the continuing social churn and widespread citizen protests, it would seem out of place to direct thought towards issues such as data protection.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the pros and cons of the newly introduced Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. Explain in what way it is going to be a game changer.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019, which was introduced in the Lok Sabha this month, is a revolutionary piece of legislation that promises to return power and control to people in our digital society.
Briefly explain the current case of Data protection scenario being witnessed in the country.
Discuss first the positives of the Bill; highlight how it is central to several policy and political pronouncements by the present government.
Then explain the issues and challenges involved; The government is seeking to not only access data but also collect it and then exploit it — making it an active data trader for the generation of revenue to meet its fiscal goals.
Principles in conflict-
First, the scale of data collection is ambitious and broadly contained in the ‘Digital India’ programme.
In the view of some technologists, this also fulfills geostrategic goals when personal data is viewed as strategic state resource. However, this poses grave risks to the right to privacy.
Conclude that Data Protection Bill is not a leaky oil barrel with large exceptions, but it is a perfect one.
It will refine, store and then trade the personal information of Indians without their control; open for sale or open for appropriation to the interests of securitization or revenue maximization, with minimal levels of protection.
For this to change, we have to not only focus upon red-lining the finer text of this draft but also reframing large parts of its intents and objectives.