Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
3. The NITI Aayog’s proposed 15-year plan for Indian healthcare entitled “Health Systems for a New India: Building Blocks — Potential Pathways to Reform” is a welcome move to improve the state of the healthcare system in India. Comment. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is based on the set of NITI Aayog’s proposed 15-year plan for the Indian healthcare system that was recently released.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in what way the 15 year plan is a welcome move. Highlight the significance of such a roadmap and importance of achieving the final goals of it.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Bring out the highlights of the report.
Discuss the key findings and suggestions of the report such as – With regard to the risk pooling mechanism, even though the report has not out rightly suggested that Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY), the government’s cashless health insurance scheme covering 10 crore poor families for Rs five lakh annually, should be extended to the whole of India, it discretely mentioned that PM-JAY should be considered with an eye on its potential to influence the overall healthcare transformation in India, beyond its current explicit mandate.
The report is critical of the fragmented nature of the Indian Healthcare system. It emphasizes the fact that overcoming the challenges of fragmentation across healthcare financing and service delivery will help India optimize both quality and access in the domain of healthcare services. It proposes the consolidation of small practices into larger business-like organizations.
Discuss any concerns associated with the plan.
Provide for counter arguments if any.
Conclude There is a need for installing an inbuilt family physician in the health services system who acts as the first port of call for every registered patient.