3. The slowdown in combating HIV calls for a renewal of political commitment, finances and engagement. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question:
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), adopted by member countries of the United Nations in 2015, set a target of ending the epidemics of AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria by 2030.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
The key indicator chosen to track progress in achieving the target for HIV-AIDS is “the number of new HIV infections per 1,000 uninfected population, by sex, age and key populations”.
In the terminology of HIV prevention and control, the phrase “key populations” refers to: men who have sex with men; people who use injected drugs; people in prisons and other closed settings; sex workers and their clients, and transgender persons.
Discuss about bridging gaps.
Provide statistics about HIV related deaths.
Discuss the concerns associated and in what way they can be dealt.
Conclude that the Indian experience has been more positive but still calls for continued vigilance and committed action.