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INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 31 DECEMBER 2019

INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 31 DECEMBER 2019

Table of Contents:

GS Paper 2:

1. Sustainable Development Goal Index.

 

GS Paper 3:

1. Telangana Industrial Health Clinic.

2. National Children’s Science Congress (NCSC).

3. Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA).

4. Chief of Defence Staff.

 

Facts for Prelims:

1. Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR).

 


GS Paper  : 2


Topics Covered: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Sustainable Development Goal Index

What to study?

For Prelims: About SDGs and key findings of the latest index.

For Mains: Concerns present, challenges and ways to address them.

Context: NITI Aayog has released the 2019 SDG India Index.

The index evaluates progress of States and Union Territories on social, economic and environmental parameters.

Key facts:

  • The SDG India Index, launched last year by Niti Aayog with the help of United Nations, took into account 16 out of 17 goals specified by the United Nations as SDGs .
  • The Index this year ranked states based on 54 targets spread over 100 indicators out of 306 outlined by the UN.
  • The first report, which was launched in 2018 had 13 goals and 39 indicators.
  • The year 2020 will be the fifth anniversary of the adoption of SDGs by 193 countries at the UN General Assembly.
  • The SDGs, constituted through an unprecedented consultative process, have 17 goals and 169 related targets to be achieved by 2030.

Performance of various states:

  1. Kerala retained the top rank with a score of 70.
  2. Himachal Pradesh took the second spot while Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Telangana shared the third spot.
  3. Chandigarh maintained its top spot among the UTs with a score of 70.
  4. Relative performance: Uttar Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim have shown maximum improvement, but states like Gujarat have not shown any progress vis-a-vis 2018 rankings.
  5. Bihar, Jharkhand and Arunachal Pradesh are the worst performing states.
  6. Only three states were placed in the category of Front Runners (with a score in the range 65-99, including both) in 2018 – Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. In 2019, five more states joined this league – Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Sikkim and Goa, taking the total tally to eight.
  7. With regard to poverty reduction, states which have done well include Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Andhra Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Sikkim.
  8. On ‘zero hunger’ parameters, Goa, Mizoram, Kerala, Nagaland and Manipur were the front runners.

Overall India’s performance:

  1. India’s composite score improved from 57 in 2018 to 60 in 2019 with major success in water and sanitation, industry and innovation.
  2. However, nutrition and gender continue to be problem areas for India, requiring more focussed approach from the government.
  3. While three out of five states in the top spots perform equal to or better than the country average on 12 goals, the other two states do the same on 11 goals.

Sources: the Hindu.

 


GS Paper  : 3


Topics Covered: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Telangana Industrial Health Clinic

What to study?

For Prelims: About TIHCL.

For Mains: Functions and significance.

Context: The Telangana Industrial Health Clinic Ltd (TIHCL) is ready to extend services beyond the boundaries of Telangana on demand.

Implications:

  • Since its inception about one and a half year ago as a fintech non-banking finance company, the TIHCL has been managing with just one-tenth of the originally envisaged ₹100 crore corpus fund. This decision makes it eligible for Central government funding.
  • The proposed foray, however, would be subject to the State government giving an assurance of no intrusion either in the model of funding, offered to the micro and small enterprises, or governance.
  • Another condition is that the Centre or the State government concerned ought to take care of the administrative, legal and consulting expenses.

About the Telangana Industrial Health Clinic Ltd (TIHCL):

TIHCL is a co-financing non-banking finance company (NBFC).

Objective: To provide financial support to micro and small manufacturing units.

Funding:

  • TIHCL is promoted by the Telangana Government with 10 per cent of the capital of Rs 100 crore. About 5 per cent of the capital comes from micro and small enterprises which seek its facilitation and services.
  • Banks, financial institutions and high networth tndividuals are expected to contribute the rest of the capital.

Sources: the Hindu.

 

Topics covered: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

National Children’s Science Congress (NCSC)

What to study?

For Prelims: About NCSC, NCSTC.

For Mains: Significance of the platform.

 Context: The latest edition of National Children’s Science Congress was held in Thiruvananthapuram.

Theme: “Science, Technology and Innovation for a Clean, Green and Healthy Nation”.

National Children’s Science Congress (NCSC):

It is a nationwide Science Communication programme started in the year 1993.

It is a programme of National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC), Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi.

It is a forum children of the age-group of 10-17 years, both from formal school system as well as from out of school, to exhibit their creativity and innovativeness and more particularly their ability to solve a societal problem experienced locally using by method of science.

About National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC):

It is mandated to communicate science & technology to masses.

  • It is a registered body guided by a Board of Governors with headquarters at Delhi.
  • It has about eighty members spread in all states and union territories.
  • Volunteers in districts lend it great strength and capability for implementing projects that reach the common man and woman.

Sources: pib.

 

Topics Covered: Security challenges and their management in border areas.

Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA)

What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: AFSPA- features, draconian provisions, misuses and need for review.

Context: The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has declared the entire State of Nagaland as a “disturbed area” for six more months, under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA).

What does the AFSPA mean?

In simple terms, AFSPA gives armed forces the power to maintain public order in “disturbed areas”.

Powers given to armed forces:

  • They have the authority to prohibit a gathering of five or more persons in an area, can use force or even open fire after giving due warning if they feel a person is in contravention of the law.
  • If reasonable suspicion exists, the army can also arrest a person without a warrant; enter or search premises without a warrant; and ban the possession of firearms.
  • Any person arrested or taken into custody may be handed over to the officer in charge of the nearest police station along with a report detailing the circumstances that led to the arrest.

What is a “disturbed area” and who has the power to declare it?

A disturbed area is one which is declared by notification under Section 3 of the AFSPA. An area can be disturbed due to differences or disputes between members of different religious, racial, language or regional groups or castes or communities.

The Central Government, or the Governor of the State or administrator of the Union Territory can declare the whole or part of the State or Union Territory as a disturbed area. A suitable notification would have to be made in the Official Gazette. As per Section 3, it can be invoked in places where “the use of armed forces in aid of the civil power is necessary”.

What’s the origin of AFSPA?

The Act came into force in the context of increasing violence in the Northeastern States decades ago, which the State governments found difficult to control. The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament and it was approved by the President on September 11, 1958. It became known as the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, 1958.

Has there been any review of the Act?

On November 19, 2004, the Central government appointed a five-member committee headed by Justice B P Jeevan Reddy to review the provisions of the act in the north eastern states.

The committee submitted its report in 2005, which included the following recommendations: (a) AFSPA should be repealed and appropriate provisions should be inserted in the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967; (b) The Unlawful Activities Act should be modified to clearly specify the powers of the armed forces and paramilitary forces and (c) grievance cells should be set up in each district where the armed forces are deployed.

The 5th report of the Second Administrative Reforms Commission on public order has also recommended the repeal of the AFSPA.

Sources: the Hindu.

 

Topics covered: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Chief of Defence Staff

What to study?

For prelims and mains: CDS- need, roles and functions, practice so far and significantly.

Context: The outgoing Army chief, Gen. Bipin Rawat, has been appointed as the country’s first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS).

As per the notification by the government, the upper age limit for the CDS has been fixed at 65 years. However, the tenure of CDS has not been fixed.

About CDS:

He will be the single-point military adviser to the government as suggested by the Kargil Review Committee in 1999.
CDS oversees and coordinates the working of the three Services.

Conditions:

He will be a Four-star General.

  1. Not eligible to hold any Government office after demitting the office of CDS.
  2. No private employment without prior approval for a period of five years after demitting the office of CDS.

Roles and functions:

  • CDS will provide “single-point military advice”to the government, inject synergy in planning, procurements and logistics in the armed forces.
  • It will ensure integration of land-air-sea operations through the eventual setting up of theatre commands.
    The CDS will also function as the military advisor to the PM-led Nuclear Command Authority,as also have direct command of tri-Service organizations to handle the new warfare domains of space and cyberspace.
  • He will function as the Principal Military Adviser to the Defence Minister and also as the Permanent Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC).
  • The CDS will be member of Defence Acquisition Council and Defence Planning Committee.

Significance:

The charter of the CDS, if implemented properly, will prepare the 15-lakh strong armed forces for the wars of the future. The CDS is mandated to ensure the Army, Navy and IAF, which often pull in different directions, truly integrate to slash wasteful expenditure amidst the ongoing severe fund crunch for military modernization because of the ballooning pay and pension bills.

Sources: pib.

 


Facts for Prelims:


Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR):

  • The government has launched a web portal, ‘Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)’, to facilitate blocking and tracing of stolen/lost mobile phones in Delhi.
  • The web portal was first launched in Mumbai.

Services provided: The launch of the project in Delhi will facilitate – request for blocking of stolen or lost mobile phone by customers; blocking of such mobile phones across mobile networks; sharing of traceability data with the Police; and unblocking of recovered/ found stolen or lost mobile phones.