Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
1. Atal Bhujal Yojana has been launched amid growing concerns over the country’s groundwater resources. Explain the scheme and how will it help solve the current water crisis of India? (250 words)
Why this question:
Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Atal Bhujal Yojana, or Atal Jal, a day after the Cabinet approved it.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss the details of the scheme ABY and its significance in helping resolve the current water crisis in the country.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Highlight the water crisis prevailing in India with some key facts and figures.
Give a brief background of the scheme; Atal Jal is a World Bank-funded, central scheme aimed at improving groundwater management. It was approved by the World Bank Board in June 2018.
The idea first came up in 2015, in view of depleting groundwater resources. The government announced its intention to start a programme for management of groundwater resources in the Budget of 2016-17, with an estimated cost of about Rs 6,000 crore.
Explain how scarce water in India is.
Discuss the case of ground water specifically.
Explain the role that the scheme can play to aid conservation and better management of water.
Conclude that The focus should be on arresting the rate of decline of groundwater levels as well as water consumption. The scheme should focus on strengthening the institutional framework and bring about Behavioural changes at community level for sustainable groundwater resource management.