Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators
1. The new citizenship law goes against Gandhi’s idea of civic nationalism. Critically examine.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article brings out the significance of the principle that every Indian is equal before the law — enshrined in the Indian Constitution.
Key demand of the question:
One must critically analyse in what way the new citizenship law goes against Gandhi’s idea of civic nationalism.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Start by explaining the coming of the Act in action and the effects of it.
Explain first the idea of Gandhi’s civic nationalism.
A striking feature of Gandhi’s civic nationalism was his insistence that India is not an exclusively Hindu civilisation. His political genius lay in reconciling the complex social and religious fabric of traditional Indian society with the modern phenomenon of nationalism and the struggle for independence. As such, more than being the “father of the Indian nation” he could be remembered as the architect of an inter-faith, inter-cultural India. What Gandhi did was to give different religious communities, for the first time, a sense of involvement in the Indian nation’s destiny.
Take hints from the article and discuss
Conclude with relevance of his thoughts even today.