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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 December 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 December 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE


General Studies – 1


 Topic:  Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. What is the philosophy of Dvaita? Evaluate the contribution of the school of Dvaita Vedanta in the development of Hindu philosophy.(250 words)

Times Of India

Why this question:

Vishwesha Tirtha Swami, the 88-year-old pontiff of Pejawar Mutt, passed away in Udupi on Sunday. The question in this context is to assess the contributions of Dvaita philosophy to Hinduism.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the philosophy of Dvaita and its contributions to Hinduism.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgment about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the structure of eight schools of philosophy of Hinduism in general.

Body:

  • Explain what you understand by Dvaita and Advaita philosophy.
  • Highlight the concept of Dvaita Philosophy.
  • The Dvaita Vedanta school believes that God (Vishnu, supreme soul) and the individual souls (jīvātman) exist as independent realities, and these are distinct.
  • The Dvaita school contrasts with the other two major sub-schools of Vedanta, the Advaita Vedanta of Adi Shankara which posits nondualism – that ultimate reality (Brahman) and human soul are identical and all reality is interconnected oneness, and Vishishtadvaita of Ramanuja which posits qualified nondualism – that ultimate reality (Brahman) and human soul are different but with the potential to be identical.
  • Discuss few proprietors of the school.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the contributions it made to Hinduism.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

1. Wealth disparities are evident in the malnutrition scenario of the country, Do you think there are gross non-egalitarian malnutrition outcomes owing to it?Discuss in detail the various factors responsible for malnutrition in the country and suggest measures to overcome the same.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

The article brings out a study on child malnutrition in India by a team of researchers from Cambridge and Harvard University.

Key demand of the question:

Bring out the wealth related nutrition disparities in the country, discuss the various factors responsible for it and analyse what can be done to address the issue.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present few facts from the studies that highlight the disparities in the nutrition levels; Wealth disparities in underweight children were seen across all districts with Gujarat, Jharkhand and Bihar having the worst disparities and Mizoram, Nagaland and Manipur having the least. This observation is important since it brings out the fact that even within well-performing districts, there can be gross non-egalitarian malnutrition outcomes.

Body:

  • Explain what Malnutrition is.
  • Malnutrition, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients.
  • Maternal, infant, and child nutrition play significant roles in the proper growth and development, including the future socio-economic status of the child.
  • Discuss the concerns associated in detail.
  • Bring out the Indian scenario, the issues that are specific to it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward by suggesting solutions.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

1. A refreshed ‘Digital India’ programme will play critical role in the pursuit of $5 trillion economy. Comment.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

The question is in the context of Finance Minister’s announcement on waiver of Merchant Discount Rate (MDR) on digital payments.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects one to comment upon the role of Digital India programme and the essence of it to $5 trillion economy.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss that In the past few years, digital technology has become a vital factor in accelerating the pace of India’s economic growth, in promoting social and economic equity by enhancing access for all to information, markets and public services; and in overcoming the country’s infrastructure deficit.

Body:

Explain the idea behind digital India.

Discuss the steps taken by the government in this direction.

Discuss the benefits of the programme.

Analyse the challenges and concerns associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting its role in augmenting the dream of $5 trillion economy.

 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

2. What do you mean by shadow banking system? How does the crisis in the shadow banking industry affect the common man? Explain. (250 words)

Reference:

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of Shadow banking and its effect on the common man.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the concept of shadow banking; explain the concerns associated and its impact on common man.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what shadow banking is – The shadow banking system is a term for the collection of non-bank financial intermediaries that provide services similar to traditional commercial banks but have different regulatory guidelines.

Body:

  • Briefly explain what is shadow banking system and its role.
  • Enumerate the challenges faced by it in India.
  • Suggest ways to address these challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the challenges of shadow banking system have to be addressed at multiple levels.

 

Topic:  Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

3. India has achieved remarkable success in unmanned space missions till date; with Gaganyaan it has now ventured into manned space missions Discuss the significance of the Gaganyaan mission to India, what are the major challenges in the manned mission to space? Explain. (250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) planning its first unmanned test mission of the Gaganyaan mission.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the significance of the Gaganyaan mission to India and the challenges it has been facing in going ahead with an unmanned mission in space.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the background of the Mission Gaganyaan; Gaganyaan will be the first manned space mission of ISRO which is proposed to be launched by 2022.

Body:

Deliberate upon the manned and unmanned missions of the past in brief first.

Explain what the mission Gaganyaan is.

Gaganyaan is an Indian crewed orbital spacecraft intended to be the basis of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme.

Gaganyaan is expected to carry three people into space for seven days. The largely autonomous capsule will orbit the Earth in the low earth orbit of 300-400 Km.

The crewed vehicle is planned to be launched on ISRO’s GSLV Mk III in December 2021.  HAL has manufactured the crew module.

With this, India could potentially become the fourth country to send a man to space, after the erstwhile USSR, the US and China. Denmark also has a manned space flight scheduled for 2022.

Highlight the challenges faced.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

 


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators

1. The new citizenship law goes against Gandhi’s idea of civic nationalism. Critically examine.(250 words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

The article brings out the significance of the principle that every Indian is equal before the law — enshrined in the Indian Constitution.

Key demand of the question:

One must critically analyse in what way the new citizenship law goes against Gandhi’s idea of civic nationalism.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining the coming of the Act in action and the effects of it.

Body:

Explain first the idea of Gandhi’s civic nationalism.

A striking feature of Gandhi’s civic nationalism was his insistence that India is not an exclusively Hindu civilisation. His political genius lay in reconciling the complex social and religious fabric of traditional Indian society with the modern phenomenon of nationalism and the struggle for independence. As such, more than being the “father of the Indian nation” he could be remembered as the architect of an inter-faith, inter-cultural India. What Gandhi did was to give different religious communities, for the first time, a sense of involvement in the Indian nation’s destiny.

Take hints from the article and discuss

Conclusion:

Conclude  with relevance of his thoughts even today.

 

Topic:  Case study based

2.  you enter your friend’s apartment to visit her, the watchman asks you to provide your details such as name, address, contact information, purpose of visit,your signature etc, then he calls your friend over intercom and verifies about you for the sake of security reasons, likewise don’t you think the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 also is aimed at the protection and security of larger society? Critically examine while presenting suitable justifications for your stand.(250 words)

Reference: Case study

Key demand of the question:

The question is to evaluate one’s opinion upon the recent move taken by the government to protect personal data and use the same for the sake of national security.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the gist of the case study in question briefly.

Body:

Discuss the case study first, analyse from your viewpoint what the issues and concerns are.

Present your arguments for and against the issue.

Present the analogy if any between the two scenarios.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done. Suggest way forward.