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India has achieved remarkable success in unmanned space missions till date; with Gaganyaan it has now ventured into manned space missions Discuss the significance of the Gaganyaan mission to India, what are the major challenges in the manned mission to space? Explain.

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3. India has achieved remarkable success in unmanned space missions till date; with Gaganyaan it has now ventured into manned space missions Discuss the significance of the Gaganyaan mission to India, what are the major challenges in the manned mission to space? Explain. (250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) planning its first unmanned test mission of the Gaganyaan mission.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the significance of the Gaganyaan mission to India and the challenges it has been facing in going ahead with an unmanned mission in space.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the background of the Mission Gaganyaan; Gaganyaan will be the first manned space mission of ISRO which is proposed to be launched by 2022.

Body:

Deliberate upon the manned and unmanned missions of the past in brief first.

Explain what the mission Gaganyaan is.

Gaganyaan is an Indian crewed orbital spacecraft intended to be the basis of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme.

Gaganyaan is expected to carry three people into space for seven days. The largely autonomous capsule will orbit the Earth in the low earth orbit of 300-400 Km.

The crewed vehicle is planned to be launched on ISRO’s GSLV Mk III in December 2021.  HAL has manufactured the crew module.

With this, India could potentially become the fourth country to send a man to space, after the erstwhile USSR, the US and China. Denmark also has a manned space flight scheduled for 2022.

Highlight the challenges faced.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.