Topics Covered: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
Jal Jeevan Mission
What to study?
For Prelims: Key features of the mission.
For Mains: challenges and concerns in water conservation, ways to address them.
Context: Operational guidelines for the implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission have been released.
About Jal Jeevan Mission:
The Mission was announced in August 2019.
The chief objective of the Mission is to provide piped water supply (Har Ghar Jal) to all rural and urban households by 2024.
It also aims to create local infrastructure for rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household waste water for reuse in agriculture.
The Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country.
Benefits of the mission:
- Household pipeline water supply.
- Clean and drinkable water.
- Recharge of groundwater level.
- Better local infrastructure.
- Less water-borne diseases.
- Less water wastage.
Need for and significance of the mission:
India has 16% of the world population, but only 4% of freshwater resources. Depleting groundwater level, overexploitation and deteriorating water quality, climate change, etc. are major challenges to provide potable drinking water.
It is an urgent requirement of water conservation in the country because of the decreasing amount of groundwater level. Therefore, the Jal Jeevan Mission will focus on integrated demand and supply management of water at the local level.