Topics Covered: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential.
‘Good Governance Index’
What to study?
For Prelims: Particulars of GGI.
For Mains: Performances of various states ans ways to improve them.
Context: Latest edition of the ‘Good Governance Index’ has been launched on the occasion of ‘Good Governance Day’.
Good Governance Day is observed on the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee (25th December). It was observed for the first time in 2014.
What is the Good Governance Index (GGI)?
It is a tool to assess the status of governance and the impact of various interventions taken up by the State Government and UTs.
The objectives of GGI are:
- To provide quantifiable data to compare the state of governance in all states and UTs.
- To enable states and UTs to formulate and implement suitable strategies for improving governance.
- To shift to result-oriented approaches and administration.
How is the GGI calculated?
The GGI takes into consideration 10 sectors — agriculture and allied sectors, commerce and industries, human resource development, public health, public infrastructure and utilities, economic governance, social welfare & development, judicial and public security, environment and citizen-centric governance.
- These 10 governance sectors are further measured on a total of 50 indicators. These indicators are given different weightage under one governance sector to calculate the value.
The states and UTs are divided into three groups — big states, north-east and hill states, and Union territories.
Key Findings of the first GGI Report:
- Top performers among the big states: Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. The bottom six states are Odisha, Bihar, Goa, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand.
- Among the North-East & Hill States: Top 3 states are Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Tripura. The bottom 3 states are Meghalaya, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.
- Pondicherry leads among the UTs followed closely by Chandigarh with Delhi bagging the third spot. Lakshadweep is at the bottom among the UTs.
- Sector-wise ranking: In the environment sector:
- The top three states are West Bengal, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
- The bottom 3 states are Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Goa.
- Judicial and public security ranking: West Bengal is at the bottom two in the judicial and public security ranking. Tamil Nadu tops the chart here.
- Economic governance: Karnataka is at the top under the economic governance category.
- Health: Kerala is at the top in the public health sector.