Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
2. “With SAARC stalled, India is turning to BIMSTEC to center its foreign policy”. Analyse. (250 words)
Why this question:
After the Uri attack of 2016, India boycotted the SAARC summit, which was to be held in Islamabad. The summit was called off after other members’ states followed suit. Soon after, India invited BIMSTEC leaders to the BRICS outreach summit in Goa in 2016. Thereafter, the 2018 BIMSTEC summit in Nepal saw the grouping pass a resolution demanding that states that “encourage, support or finance terrorism, provide sanctuaries to terrorists and terror groups” be held accountable.
Key demand of the question:
Answer is about discussing the changing foreign policy scenario of India.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines define the current foreign policy of India.
Discuss the core points of focus of Indian foreign policy.
Trace the change in trends of India’s foreign policy in the past five years.
How and why is there a shift?
India and its neighbourhood scenario.
India – SAARC, India- BIMSTC relations.
Conclude with what is the significance of such a shift in the policy, India’s role.
Conclude with way forward.