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If India is to establish itself as a country of doers, containing pollution is one of the first things to be done. Discuss.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

1. If India is to establish itself as a country of doers, containing pollution is one of the first things to be done. Discuss. (250 words)

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Why this question:

According to a report by the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP), based on a study that estimated the impact of contaminants in the air, water and workplace, India tops the world’s chart on pollution-linked deaths, followed by China and Nigeria. More than 2.3 million premature deaths caused by pollution were reported in India in 2017, the latest year for which the figures are available. In comparison, about 1.9 million people died in China, while in Nigeria the death count was 279,318, according to the report.

Key demand of the question

The question is about analysing the worsening pollution conditions in India and the associated concerns. Discuss about the various short-term measures undertaken by the Government and how policymakers have displayed little urgency on the matter. Provide serious measures to tackle the same.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments        .

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines brief upon the worsening pollution conditions in India and the associated concerns.

Body:

       The question must discuss the following points:

  • Present some facts from the report, discuss the causes of the present condition.
  • Impact of the air pollution in Indian cities under various heads like Health, economy, society etc.
  • Provide for a detailed analysis of why have the problems turned into a menace and then move onto suggest measures to tackle the same.

Conclusion:

Give a balanced way forward.