Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
3. The performance of United Nations Security Council has not been as envisaged due to the long pending reforms called for by many emerging economies including India. Critically Examine. (250 words)
Why this question:
A special meeting of the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on Kashmir was not convened on Tuesday, diplomatic sources have confirmed. The meeting was sought by China to discuss India’s decision to end the special status of Jammu and Kashmir.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the role and significance of UNSC, need for UNSC reforms, why India should be given permanent membership.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer
Briefly explain the mandate of UN security council in general.
Discuss about the successes of UNSC since its inception.
Discuss about the various concerns/challenges plaguing the UNSC:
- Expansion of UNSC.
- Asia’s inadequate representation
- Do away with Veto power
- It doesn’t represent the current balance of power.
- South America and Africa have no representative at all.
- Changes in geopolitical realities since UNSC formation.
Now discuss the following:
- What are the current proposed reforms?
- What are India’s demands?
- Why India should be given a permanent seat in the council?
Conclude with a way forward.