Topics Covered: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
National Broadband Mission (NBM)
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Key features and significance of the mission.
Context: The union government has launched the National Broadband Mission (NBM).
What is NBM?
The mission will facilitate universal and equitable access to broadband services across the country, especially in rural and remote areas.
It also involves laying of incremental 30 lakh route km of optical fibre cable and increasing tower density from 0.42 to 1 tower per thousand population by 2024.
The mission also envisages increasing fiberisation of towers to 70% from 30% at present.
The mission will envisage stakeholder investment of $100 billion (Rs 7 lakh crore) including Rs 70,000 crore from Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) in the coming years.
- The mission also involves the development of a Broadband Readiness Index to measure the availability of digital communication infrastructure and foster conducive policy ecosystem within a state/UT.
- It will also strive for the creation of a digital fibre map of the communications network and infrastructure, including optical fibre cables and towers across the country.
- The broadband mission aims to fast-track growth of digital communications infrastructure, bridge the digital divide, facilitate digital empowerment and inclusion, and provide affordable and universal access of broadband to all.
- It will lay emphasis on universality, affordability and quality of services. The Centre will work with the states and UTs for having consistent policies pertaining to expansion of digital infrastructure, including for Right of Way (RoW) approvals required for laying of optical fibre cable.
Sources: the Hindu.