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The concept of cooperative security is panacea to address threats concerning national security and harmony. Examine with respect to India and her South Asian neighbours.

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

4. The concept of cooperative security is panacea to address threats concerning national security and harmony. Examine with respect to India and her South Asian neighbours. (250 words)


Why this question:

In today’s challenging times, security is indivisible. Events in one region of the world have an impact, both positive and negative, on other regions. This highlights the necessity of combining strengths to forge new compacts that can appropriately deal with the emerging challenges.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us talk about the cooperative security scenario in South Asia, the need for such a cooperation. Further, one needs to talk about the measures undertaken in realising the cooperative security in South Asia with India as a forerunner. Then discuss about the challenges faced in achieving the cooperative security and measures needed to tackle the same.


Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:


Explain the concept of Co-Operative security. Talk about the lack of co-operative security in South Asian region leading to various security threats.

  • cooperative security implies that countries have, or seek, a degree of convergence with regard to threat perceptions, and challenges and opportunities with a conviction that it is advantageous to their security, stability and prosperity.
  • the South Asian experience in building cooperative security architecture has been mixed.


Discuss the needs for cooperative security in South Asia.

  • South Asia can truly prosper only when it is free from the scourge of terrorism.
  • The greatest challenge before South Asia is the fight against illiteracy and poverty, climate change and natural disasters, and food and energy security issues.
  • These are indivisible and transcend borders.
  • Cooperation on these issues will ensure the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Discuss about India’s commitments on cooperative security in South Asia.

  • India believes in the ancient Sanskrit saying “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam”, which means that the entire world is one family.
  • to build   regional   cooperation and   security India’s initiatives are   anchored   in   its ‘Neighbourhood First‘ policy.
  • India has time and again taken efforts to straighten the SAARC initiative.
  • India is   keen   to   strengthen   other regional groupings and partnerships such    as    the    BBIN, BIMSTEC
  • India remains optimistic about the future of South Asia

Explain the challenges faced in achieving cooperative security.

  • The South Asian family, unfortunately, has its own black sheep. The weakest link in the chain continues to be Pakistan, which views security as a zero-sum game, and uses terrorism as an instrument of state policy against its neighbours.
  • The consequences of such a policy pursued in one country in South Asia, aimed at systematically nurturing radical jihadi groups, has been felt in other South Asian countries as well – from Afghanistan to India and from Bangladesh to Sri Lanka.

Provide measures to tackle the challenges posed.

  • One of the measures to improve regional security is to strengthen connectivity linkages.


Give a fair and balanced conclusion and discuss the way forward.