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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 December 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 December 2019

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1. What was the Nehru-Liaquat Agreement of 1950 that was recently referred to in the debates for Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB), 2019? Discuss its salient features (250 Words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

Amit Shah referred to the Nehru-Liaquat pact on a few occasions in Parliament to justify the Citizenship Bill.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the salient features of Nehru-Liaquat Agreement of 1950.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by stating that It was an agreement between the Governments of India and Pakistan regarding Security and Rights of Minorities that was signed in Delhi in 1950 between the Prime ministers of India and Pakistan, Jawaharlal Nehru and Liaquat Ali Khan.

Body:

Discuss why the pact came into existence –

The need for such a pact was felt by minorities in both countries following the partition, which was accompanied by massive communal rioting.

In 1950, as per some estimates, over a million Hindus and Muslims migrated from and to East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh), amid communal tension and riots such as the 1950 East Pakistan riots and the Noakhali riots.

Explain the salient features of the pact and associated nuances.

Under the Nehru-Liaquat pact –

  • Refugees were allowed to return unmolested to dispose of their property.
  • Abducted women and looted property were to be returned.
  • Forced conversions were unrecognized.
  • Minority rights were confirmed.

Conclusion:

Conclude with relevance of it as of today.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. With 2.3 million children not vaccinated against measles last year, India has much to do to protect its young citizens, in the context of the above statement discuss the case of vaccine hesitancy and need for public awareness of vaccines. (250 Words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

Vaccine hesitancy has been highlighted for the staggering spread in cases globally. The article discusses the case of India and prevalence of Measles.

Key demand of the question:

One must present the case of Measles and discuss the phenomena of vaccine hesitancy.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by vaccine hesitancy; Vaccine hesitancy has been highlighted for the staggering spread in cases globally. Vaccine hesitancy refers to delay in acceptance or refusal of vaccines despite availability of vaccination services.

Body:

First explain why the issue of vaccine hesitancy persists – take the case of measles and discuss.

Use facts to substantiate your answer and provide for a detailed analysis of the causative factors, impact and what needs to be done to prevent and cure the situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Vaccine hesitancy is threatening the historical achievements made in reducing the burden of infectious diseases, which have plagued humanity for centuries.

Only a collaborative effort between pediatricians, family doctors, parents, public health officials, governments, the technology sector, and civil society will allow myths and misinformation around vaccination to be dispelled.


 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3. A wrangle between Executive and Judiciary over judicial appointments hampers entry to justice. Discuss the issues involved in the appointment procedure and suggest what needs to be done. (250 Words)

The Hindu

 

The question is based on the Important aspects of governance and tends to evaluate the wrangle between Executive and Judiciary over judicial appointments.

 Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the ongoing wrangle between Executive and Judiciary over judicial appointments and in what way it hampers justice delivery.

 Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 Structure of the answer:

 Introduction:

In a judicial order, the Supreme Court has said that two hundred and thirteen names recommended for appointment to various High Courts are pending with the government/Supreme Court Collegium.

 Body:

Start by explaining the order – The order states that at least the names on which the Supreme Court Collegium, the High Courts and the governments had agreed upon should be appointed within six months.

It emphasized that the appointments required a continuous, collaborative and integrated process, where the government is an important consultee.

The order is significant, coming at a time when inordinate delays in the appointment of High Court judges and depleting numbers in the higher judiciary threaten to affect the justice delivery mechanism.

Explain how the system works. Discuss why there is delay in the system.

 Conclusion:

Conclude that Vacancies in the higher judiciary threaten every aspect of the justice delivery system, the government may disrupt the process through delays, but it is for the court to take an increasingly firm hand to ensure that the collegium system that it fought so hard to protect, despite flaws, actually functions effectively.


 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4. E-governance is not only about use of the clout of new technology, but also much about grave importance of the ‘use value’ of information. Explain. (250 Words)

Governance in India by Lakshmikant

 

Why this question:

The question aims to evaluate the relevance of ‘use-value’ of the information and technology to the e-governance aspects of the government.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the concept of e-governance and present the case of use of technology along with significance of utility of the information.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define E-governance; it is application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) at all the level of the Government in order to provide services to the citizens, interaction with business enterprises and communication and exchange of information between different agencies of the Government in a speedy, convenient efficient and transparent manner.

Body:

Explain that although e-governance is about utilization of the power of new technology like satellite technology, GPS, computer, internet, mobile, biometrics etc. in an efficient manner, it is also very much about how the information collected is utilized to better cater to the needs of the citizens.

The information collected should help in ‘clarity’ in the objective setting, not only in ICT terms (computers, networks etc.) but also the process outcomes and the measurements post implementation.

Information should be used for data mining and for supporting the management decisions and not merely for word processing.

By knowing the value of information and its foundation, information can be improved and can provide better support in decision making and better assessment can be made.

Conclusion:

Conclude that thus the focus of e- governance should not only be limited to efficiently utilizing new technologies but it should also be oriented toward ensuring good governance using the information gathered.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. Evaluate the factors leading to the high levels of pollution in Indian rivers. What can be done to protect and prevent our rivers from degradation and slow death? Discuss. (250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

A study conducted by Central Water Commission (CWC) from May 2014 to April 2018 revealed that India’s major river systems are contaminated with heavy metals.

Key demand of the question:

One must evaluate the factors leading to the high levels of pollution in Indian rivers and discuss what can be done to protect and prevent our rivers from degradation and slow death.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

State the findings of the report; quote the facts and relevant case study.

Body:

First discuss the main sources of river pollution – agriculture, mining, milling, plating and surface finishing industries that discharge a variety of toxic metals.

Discuss then their impact.

Quote the discussion provided by the report of CWC.

Take hints from the article and cover relevant aspects.

Conclusion:

Conclude with urgency to address the issue of River pollution in the country.

 


 

Topic:Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. “Agriculture will play a crucial role in addressing the planet’s future challenge and is a key to providing important adaptation, mitigation synergies to climate change as well as socio-economic and environmental co-benefits.” In the context of the statement discuss the concept of Climate Smart Farming Systems and its relevance.   (250 Words)  

PIB Government of India

The question is based on the concept of Climate Smart Farming Systems.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain what is Climate Smart Farming Systems and relevance of agriculture and its contribution in mitigating the effects of climate change.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by stating that International Seminar on Climate Smart Farming Systems’ for BIMSTEC countries is being held in Delhi.

Body:

Define – Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is an approach to help farmers respond effectively to climate change and ensure food security.

State the objectives of it –

  • Sustainably increasing agricultural productivity and incomes;
  • Adapting and building resilience to climate change; and
  • greenhouse gas emissions mitigation

discuss the important aspects of it – methods, impact and utility,

Conclusion: Conclude by highlighting the significance of it.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections

7.What do you understand by the following terms? Point out their specific relevance in public service;

  1. Intellectual integrity
  2. Spirit of service
  3. Commitment

(250 Words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper IV.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the terms with suitable examples and also explain two more such attributes that are important to public servants.

Directive:

Justify – When you are asked to justify, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define the terms in question.

Body:

Intellectual integrity is the discipline of striving to be thorough and honest to learn the truth or to reach the best decision possible in a given situation. A person with intellectual integrity has a driving desire to follow reasons and evidence courageously wherever they may lead.

Spirit of Service; This quality in public service makes the foundation of such job requirement. Spirit of service towards the nation and its people is the cornerstone of pub. Service and requires readiness to serve in all and every condition.

Commitment: Being always responsible and genuine to the words, deeds and promises. It is the most important ingredient of public servant. There might be a chance to flout promises and rebuild our relationships in personal life. But in official capacity, breaking a promise or vow can’t be undone or taken back because it affects public at large.

Explain each term with suitable and relevant example.

Conclusion:

Conclude with their importance to public services.


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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