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Topic:Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5.Evaluate the factors leading to the high levels of pollution in Indian rivers. What can be done to protect and prevent our rivers from degradation and slow death? Discuss.  (250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

A study conducted by Central Water Commission (CWC) from May 2014 to April 2018 revealed that India’s major river systems are contaminated with heavy metals.

Key demand of the question:

One must evaluate the factors leading to the high levels of pollution in Indian rivers and discuss what can be done to protect and prevent our rivers from degradation and slow death.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

State the findings of the report; quote the facts and relevant case study.

Body:

First discuss the main sources of river pollution – agriculture, mining, milling, plating and surface finishing industries that discharge a variety of toxic metals.

Discuss then their impact.

Quote the discussion provided by the report of CWC.

Take hints from the article and cover relevant aspects.

Conclusion:

Conclude with urgency to address the issue of River pollution in the country.