Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
Hong Kong marks half-year protest anniversary
What to study?
For prelims: Geographical and political position of Hong Kong.
For mains: Controversy over the extradition bill, concerns expressed, key features of the bill and what needs to be done?
Context: Hong Kong recently marked half-year protest anniversary with huge rally.
- Semi-autonomous Hong Kong has been battered by increasingly violent demonstrations in the starkest challenge the city has presented to Beijing since its 1997 handover from Britain.
- Millions have hit the streets in protests fuelled by years of growing fears that authoritarian China is stamping out the city’s liberties.
- The last fortnight has seen a marked drop in street battles and protester vandalism after the landslide win by pro-democracy candidates.
How is Hong Kong ruled?
Rules under One Country Two Systems approach.
As per the policy, the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions, both former colonies, can have different economic and political systems from that of mainland China, while being part of the People’s Republic of China.
- Hong Kong returned to Chinese control on July 1, 1997, and Macau’s sovereignty was transferred on December 20, 1999.
- Both regions became Special Administrative Regions of China.
- The regions would have their own currencies, economic and legal systems, but defence and diplomacy would be decided by Beijing.
- Their mini-Constitutions would remain valid for 50 years — till 2047 for Hong Kong and 2049 for Macau. It is unclear what will happen after this term.
Sources: the Hindu.