Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
Anglo- Indians in Lok Sabha and Assemblies
What to study?
For Prelims: Who is an Anglo Indian and constitutional provisions with regard to their nominations.
For Mains: Issues over ending the reservation and what lies ahead?
Context: Anglo-Indians are unlikely to be nominated to Lok Sabha and state Assemblies from now on with the government recently introducing a bill to amend the Constitution seeking to not to extend the provision that is in place for the past 70 years but expires in January next year.
Article 334 has laid down provisions for reserving the seats for SCs and STs and nomination of Anglo-Indians to Lok Sabha and state Assemblies, which shall cease to be in effect on the 25 January 2020, if not extended further.
Meaning of Anglo Indians in India:
The term Anglo Indian is defined as per the article 366 (2) of the Indian constitution; “a person whose father or any of whose other male progenitors in the male line is or was of European descent but who is a native of India.”
Anglo Indians in Parliament and Legislative Assemblies:
Under article 331; the President of India is authorised to nominate 2 members of the Anglo Indian community if know member of this community is elected among the 543 members for the Lok Sabha.
In the same way the governor of the state is authorised to nominate 1 Anglo Indian in the lower house of the State Legislature (in case of under representation).
According to the 10th schedule of the Constitution, any Anglo-Indian member can take the membership of any party within 6 months of the nomination. After the membership; they are bound to the party whip and they have to work in the house according to the party’s agenda.
Sources: the Hindu.