Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
7. Explain how Big data can play a significant role in enhancing our capabilities to manage disasters. (250 Words)
Why this question:
The question is pertaining to the role of Big data in managing disasters.
Key demand of the question:
The question wants us to write at length about the role big data technologies can play in disaster management. What are the areas of application and hurdles if any involved.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
write a few lines about the increased incidences of disasters, their relevance for all the nations etc. Also mention that technologies like Big data, AI etc. can play a huge role in helping us manage the disasters in a better way.
Define disaster management- e.g. Disaster management is a systematic process with primary aim to reduce the negative consequences and effect of disasters, hence safeguarding people and social infrastructure.
Discuss in points, how big data can play a role in disaster management. E.g Big data generated from geo-informatics and remote sensing platforms can contribute to early warning systems for disasters. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and environmental monitoring sensors with cloud services have a potential to predict disasters; Geoinformatics information along with transportation network data can benefit to understand human mobility patterns during disasters; social data sets; financial data sets etc.
Discuss the challenges involved in the process. E.g. Understanding how to link different datasets with different kinds of disasters, early phase of research and application of big data; protection of personal privacy and information etc.
Conclude with way forward.