Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
7) “Public service is the basic objective of the welfare state”, in the backdrop of the statement discuss the basic public service values that a civil servant must aim to, to ensure effective and efficient public service delivery. (250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon Publications.
Why this question:
In rapidly changing society, there is a need of good public administration.
The question seeks to examine the need and importance of public values for effective delivery of public services by the civil servants.
Key demand of the question:
One should explain the essence of public values, importance and their need in public services to ensure a welfare state.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the concepts of Public Service and Welfare State. A Welfare State can be described as a ‘system of government organized to ensure the well-being of citizens’. Public service is associated with the government and it is offered by administrative bodies to people living within its region and considered essential to modern life.
Discuss the core principles of the welfare state.
Highlight the relevance of public values to the civil servants.
Explain why values are important and essential? How they aid in effective delivery of public services.
For bureaucracies, adherence to high-level public service values can produce substantial public trust and assurance. On the contrary, weak application of values or promotion of incorrect values can lead to reductions in these essential elements of democratic governance, as well as to ethical and decision-making quandaries. Though a core set of public service values is necessary, it is also factual that different values apply to different parts of the public service.
Conclude by reasserting the significance of values to public administration in general.