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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 December 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 December 2019

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General Studies – 2


Topic: Indian Constitution – features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure; basics of cyber security

1) Internet has emerged as a potent tool that can lead to socio- economic empowerment. In the light of this, is right to internet a good idea? Critically comment. (250 words)

The Hindu

Livemint

 

Why this question:

With the Internet blackout stretching for more than 120 days in Jammu and Kashmir, start-ups which began with much fanfare are closing down. This has led to loss of livelihoods of many in the valley state.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the multiplier effect in detail, discuss the effect with examples and explain its contributions in different sectors. Finally, one must argue the pros and cons of making right to internet as a part of the fundamental right.

Directive:

Critically comment – When asked to comment, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief highlight the significance of internet as a tool.

Body:

Explain using examples in what way Internet had led to development, but it had also been a platform for spreading hate and fake news. Internet had led to an exponential rise in “anti-national activities.”

Using the context of J&K in article, you can elaborate about the socio-economic injustice brought about in the society due to internet lockdown.

Now bring out both pros and cons of use of internet to make it as a right.

Discuss the need for effective, robust and comprehensive rules to govern the internet.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

 


Topic:  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

2) Punishments must reinforce people’s faith in the rule of law, not undermine it. Comment.

The Hindu

The Indian Express

The Indian Express

Why this question:

The killing of the four accused of the rape and murder of the veterinary doctor by the Cyberabad police raises disturbing questions.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to look into the retributive justice awarded to the criminals and bring out how they do/ don’t indicate the dysfunctional criminal justice system in India..

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer

Introduction

write a few introductory lines about the heinous rape incident of Hyderabad and the outcry of public for instant justice. With the encounter of all the 4 perpetrators of crime, entire nation has erupted in joy and supported the action of the police. This shows the inefficiency of the criminal justice system in India.

Body

Highlight the case incidents and measures that were taken so far.

Discuss how the existing laws on sexual crimes and punishment need better application, but a recourse to brutal retribution as suggested unwisely by many is no solution.

Discuss the various ills affecting the Indian criminal justice system and bring out their relationship to mob violence. E.g The fundamental link between crime and punishment, that is the foundation of the rule of law, has been broken in affected areas for a while now. Trials take decades. Conviction rates are abysmal.

Witnesses turn hostile as a matter of routine with no adverse consequences. Forensic facilities are negligible. Prisons are overcrowded and more often than not, they serve as safe havens for well-connected gangsters to run their empires from; there simply aren’t enough policemen to police states;

the belief cutting across party lines, that the police are simply the bounden servants of the government of the day. Their primarily role is not to serve the public or uphold the rule of law, but to further the cause of the ruling party and strike terror in the heart of its political opponents etc.

Conclusion

based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 

Topic:Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3) Despite its transformative potential, the mid-day meal scheme is perceived as charity, not a civic responsibility. Discuss.

The Hindu

PRS

Why this question:

Two decades have passed since the mid-day meal became a part of the daily routine in government schools nationwide. In this long passage of time, procedures have stabilised but accidents continue to occur. Funds from the Centre flow smoothly though procurement of food items faces hurdles of different kinds.

Key demand of the question:

One must assess the reasons for constant occurrence of issues in the mid-day meal scheme. One must also provide the measures to overcome the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly introduce the Midday Meal Scheme as a scheme which is a school meal programme of the Government of India designed to improve the nutritional status of school-age children nationwide. Ever since it was made compulsory under a Supreme Court order, the mid-day meal scheme has received considerable appreciation. It is the world’s biggest scheme of its kind.

Body:

The answer should cover the following:

About: Launched in the year 1995 as a centrally sponsored scheme, it provides that every child within the age group of six to fourteen years studying in classes I to VIII who enrolls and attends the school, shall be provided hot cooked meal having nutritional standards of 450 calories and 12 gm of protein for primary (I- V class) and 700 calories and 20 gm protein for upper primary (VI-VIII class), free of charge every day except on school holidays.

The scheme covers all government and government aided schools and also Madarsa and Maqtabs supported under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA).

Objectives: The key objectives of the MDMS are to address the issues of hunger and education in schools by serving hot cooked meals; improve the nutritional status of children and improve enrollment, attendance and retention rates in schools and other education centres.

Benefits of the scheme.

Key issues with the implementation of the scheme.

What needs to be done to address these issues and challenges?

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

4) Women SHGs have emerged as vibrant community institutions of the poor. Examine.

Hindustan Times

Why this question:

The question is based on the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM), which is a programme for social and economic empowerment of women through community institutions of the poor.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the importance of the Self Help Groups in women empowerment, poverty alleviation and how they have emerged as vibrant community institutions of the poor..

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

What do you understand by Self-help Groups? Then talk about how the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) touches the lives of over 6.47 crore women who have, to date, formed 59 lakh Self Help Groups (SHGs)

Body:

Discuss about the importance of SHGs in women and rural empowerment

Then highlight the various learnings in the last 5 years of DAY-NRLM and SHG scheme

Discuss the challenges faced to realise its full potential across India.

What are the measures needed to tackle it?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


Topic:India and its neighborhood- relations.

5) Indian and Palestine relations are old and time tested. India’s development assistance for Palestine has been consistent and has grown over the years. Discuss. What are the irritants in the relations? What are the measures needed to strengthen ties?

The Indian Express

Why this question:

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction

Briefly speak about The Palestine-India techno park which is meant to create a national business environment and culture “that will enable knowledge-based and creative enterprises as well as technology clusters to successfully operate locally, regionally and globally”..

Body

Highlight the implications of technopark

Discuss the bilateral ties between New Delhi and Ramallah.

Historically, India’s ties with Israel and Palestine have been more or less balanced. India fully established diplomatic relations with Israel in 1992. Defence and agriculture have formed the main pillars of their relationship.

Discuss the irritants in the ties between India-Palestine – talk about the Israel Palestine issue

Provide measures to tackle the challenges posed.

Conclusion

Give a fair and balanced conclusion and discuss the way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Various Security Forces, Agencies & Their Mandates.

6) What is Blue Water Force? Discuss the significance for India as she aspires to be a net security provider in the Indian Ocean region.

The Indian Express

 

Why this question:

Mankind’s progress has had unintended consequences on the environment. These include climate change, extreme weather events and the reduced availability of potable water.

Key demand of the question:

One has to find the reasons for reduced availability of potable water due to human actions, climate change and extreme weather events.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what is blue water force and explain the context of our defence minister declaring it.

Body:

Discuss what is blue water navy.

Discuss the need and significance to Develop ‘Blue Water’ Capabilities for India?

What are the challenges faced in the quest?

       How can this be overcome?

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Citizen’s Charters

7) The concept of Citizens’ Charter enshrines the trust between the service provider and its users. What aspects should be covered by an ideal Citizen’s Charter? Do you think Citizen’s Charter should also be made compulsory for government organizations?  (250 words)

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the need for Ideal citizen’s charter in governmental organization and its significance.

Key demand of the question:

The question is about analyzing the significance of citizen’s charter and its need in governmental organisation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines define citizen’s charter.

Body:

The question is straightforward, thus doesn’t require much deliberation, one must discuss the concept of Citizen’s charter  in detail, its importance and relevance to public organizations.

What are the components of a Citizen’s Charter?

road map to be adopted to formulate the Citizen’s Charter.

Students can quote best principles adopted by public organizations to make the charter ideal.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such tools in good governance..

 

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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