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1) Internet has emerged as a potent tool that can lead to socio- economic empowerment. In the light of this, is right to internet a good idea? Critically comment. (250 words)

Topic: Indian Constitution – features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure; basics of cyber security

1) Internet has emerged as a potent tool that can lead to socio- economic empowerment. In the light of this, is right to internet a good idea? Critically comment. (250 words)

The Hindu

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Why this question:

With the Internet blackout stretching for more than 120 days in Jammu and Kashmir, start-ups which began with much fanfare are closing down. This has led to loss of livelihoods of many in the valley state.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the multiplier effect in detail, discuss the effect with examples and explain its contributions in different sectors. Finally, one must argue the pros and cons of making right to internet as a part of the fundamental right.

Directive:

Critically comment – When asked to comment, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief highlight the significance of internet as a tool.

Body:

Explain using examples in what way Internet had led to development, but it had also been a platform for spreading hate and fake news. Internet had led to an exponential rise in “anti-national activities.”

Using the context of J&K in article, you can elaborate about the socio-economic injustice brought about in the society due to internet lockdown.

Now bring out both pros and cons of use of internet to make it as a right.

Discuss the need for effective, robust and comprehensive rules to govern the internet.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.